Furfural-based Bioresins for Fiber-reinforced Bioplastics

Poly(Furfuryl Alcohol), PFA, is obtained from a condensation polymerisation of furfuryl alcohol (FA). FA is made from furfural.

Hot compression moulded natural-fibre-reinforced composites

Natural Fibres + Poly(Furfurly Alcohol)= Light weight structural panels

Poly(Furfuryl Alcohol), PFA, is obtained from a condensation polymerisation of furfuryl alcohol (FA). FA is made from furfural , which is manufactured from a variety of biomass.
Generic structure of PFA

Biomass-based furan resins are mainly known in the foundry industry. In addition, user-friendly furan resin systems have been developed for variety of composite applications [1]. Besides the use in the automotive industry, PFA composites have a high thermal stability and could also be used in interior of aircraft cabins, internal fittings for buildings, rail carriages or in the built environment [2].

Some fibre-reinforced PFA options:

  Cellulosic fibre, e.g.: flax, hemp, sisal, bagasse or wood

  Non-woven cellulose fibres

  Carbon fibres or glass fibres

  Mineral or graphite filler for use as a cementing binder for chemical resistant polymer concrete.

Eco-friendly thermo-stable bioresin:

  PFA blended with lignin increases the biocomposite resin’s strength[3]


[1] Application of novel furan resins in composites, Dr. IR. Hans E. Hoydonckx, & Dr. IR. Wim M. Van Rhijn, Transfurans Chemical.

[2] Kumar, R and Anandjiwala, R. 2009. Flax reinforced thermoset composites from poly(furfuryl alcohol). 11th International Conference on Advanced Materials (ICAM). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 20-25 September 2009, pp 1-20 AND Kumar, R and Anandjiwala, R. 2012. Alternative fuels from waste cellulosic substrates and poly furfuryl alcohol. Fuel, vol. 93, pp 703-705.

PFA lignin

Renewable-Resource-Based Green Blends: PFA – Poly(furfuryl alcohol) – Bioresin and Lignin

[3] Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, Volume 299, Issue 5, pages 552–559, May 2014:  Renewable-Resource-Based Green Blends from Poly(furfuryl alcohol) Bioresin and Lignin.

Also see:

 New Green Materials

 Furfural By-products




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The essential technical challenge facing us, and the world in general, is the complete beneficiation of cellulosic material. We strive to provide viable and practical solution. Contact us to discuss the economic potential of your biomass.

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