Eco-friendly and affordable rocketfuel blends to replace currently used toxic fuels.
Indian researchers  investigated furfuryl alcohol (“FA”, a furfural derivative) blends with ionic liquids (“ILs”) as a basis for an eco-friendly rocket fuel. ILs are a suitable alternative to replace toxic rocket fuels like hydrazine, because they “fulfill most of the desirable properties such as negligible vapor pressure, low ignition delay, high energy density, low toxicity, stability over wide temperature range and it is also hydrolytically stable”. The researchers also report enhancements of the hypergolic fuel properties by the “addition of nanomaterial.”
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